India`s First Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and The First Prime Minister of China, Zhou Enlai, met to define relations between the two countries, and on 29 April 1954, the five principles of peaceful coexistence or panchsheel were signed to ensure mutual territorial integrity and peaceful coexistence. The Panchsheel, or Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, was first officially signed on April 29, 1954 between India and the Tibet region of China. The agreement was signed between Jawaharlal Nehru, then Prime Minister, and the first Chinese Prime Minister, Chou En-Lai. The Panchsheel Pact had largely eased tensions between India and China. Under these agreements, trade and trust between India and China have strengthened. Meanwhile, slogans of the Hindi-Chinese brother were also raised. As co-initiators of panchsheel, it is our internationalist duty to move forward, to relaunch our friendly relations and to project the Five Principles for peace, progress and stability in the world. One of the most important themes today is the defence of the pluralistic world order, in which nations can develop, grow and prosper according to their own genius. Jawaharlal Nehru noted in the 1950s that “every country should be free to develop in its own way, to learn from others and not to be imposed by them. Essentially, this requires a new mental approach. The Panchsheel and the Five Principles offer this approach.
Today, we must create this mental approach that Panchsheel presented in a refreshing way in the 1950s, the golden years of Salino-Indian relations. We must work together so that the five principles, as Prime Minister Zhou En-Lai said, “radiate the whole world” in mutual interest and peace, friendship and cooperation between nations. In April 1954, India, which considered Tibet to be part of China, reached an agreement with China on the “Panchsheel” principle. The main points of the Panchsheel agreement were: In this way, the Panchsheel agreement was a stimulating step to restore to Sanund the economic and political relations between India and China, but China exploited it badly and stabbed India in the back several times. The term “Panchsheel” is made up of Panch and Sheel, which means five principles or thoughts. Although the immediate Prime Minister Nehru tried to establish good relations between the two countries through the Panchsheel agreement, he failed and the 1962 war took place between the two countries. As co-initiators of panchsheel, it is the internationalist duty of China and India to move forward, rekindle friendly relations and project the Five Principles for world peace, progress and stability. IT WAS Prime Minister Zhou En-Lai, who presented for the first time the five principles of peaceful coexistence, as he opened bilateral discussions between China and India on relations between the two countries over the Tibetan region of China. Later, when formal negotiations began, Chang Han Fu, head of the Chinese delegation, reiterated these principles as guidelines for resolving outstanding problems between the two countries.
The head of the Indian delegation welcomed the Five Principles and said that while India had not formulated these principles as the Chinese side had done, it had pursued them since independence as the basis of its foreign policy.