ICMP has been working with the Chilean authorities for many years. THE ICMP participated in the work of the President`s Human Rights Advisory Committee, established in May 2006, to improve the pace and effectiveness of efforts to resolve missing persons cases from 1973 to 1990. In June 2008, icMP signed an agreement with Chile to provide technical assistance for the identification of victims of enforced disappearances. ICMP helped conduct DNA testing on 2,671 reference samples and 255 post-mortem missing persons samples and provided significant assistance in DNA comparison and consultation. In June 2008, the Philippines was hit by Typhoon Frank, which claimed the lives of more than 1,000 people. In order to help the Philippines identify those who have lost their lives as a result of this tragedy, Interpol has asked ICMP to cooperate with them to assist, citing for the first time an agreement  signed between ICMP and Interpol in November 2007 to deal together with disaster situations. In Serbia, ICMP has been assisting the authorities in reporting on missing persons since 1996. In 2001, icmp signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the former Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and then contributed to the search and identification of missing persons in the Kosovo conflict. ICMP opened an office in 2002 and set up a DNA laboratory in Belgrade.
The laboratory was handed over to the Serbian authorities in 2006. In 2014, ICMP renewed its agreement with the Serbian Commission for Missing Persons through an exchange of letters on the provision of assistance in the search, rescue and identification of missing persons in Kosovo following the discovery of a cemetery in southern Serbia. To date, more than 880 missing persons have been recovered by the Serbian authorities (these figures only concern those missing from the Kosovo conflict). The International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) is an international organization based in The Hague, Netherlands. Their mission is to ensure cooperation between governments and other states in the search and identification of missing persons. As the only international organization exclusively responsible for working on the topic of missing persons, ICMP has field programs around the world. To learn more about ICMP, click here. The treaty establishes The Hague as the seat of the Commission and creates a conference of contracting states (representing all contracting states), a financial committee (representing all contributing states), a “committee of commissioners” (chosen from among eminent personalities) and a director general. ICMP`s mandate and activities were expanded in 2003 to enable the organization to work around the world and respond to natural and man-made disasters. Since 2004, ICMP has been helping countries around the world deal with cases of missing persons from conflict, human rights violations, people and natural disasters, organized crime, human trafficking, migration and other causes. The framework agreement does not create the new headquarters of the ICMP, but creates the basis for the conclusion of a siege agreement. In order for a seat agreement to enter into force and for the ICMP to travel to The Hague, the Dutch parliament must approve the framework agreement.
This is expected to happen in 2015. States have human rights obligations to seek to locate missing persons and determine the circumstances of their disappearance. These obligations are enshrined in various international instruments, such as the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, the United Nations Convention against Torture and other cruel inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the European Convention on Human Rights, the African Charter of Human Rights and the American Convention on Human Rights.