They are based on the assumption that free trade and the abolition of investment rules will lead to economic growth, poverty reduction, higher living standards and employment opportunities. At the international level, there are two important freely accessible databases developed by international organizations for policymakers and businesses: the United States is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO Agreement) establishes rules for trade among the 154 WTO Members. The United States and other WTO members are currently leading the Doha Round of Global Trade Negotiations for Development, and a strong and open Doha Agreement on markets for goods and services would be an important contribution to overcoming the global economic crisis and restoring the role of trade in economic growth and development. The creation of trade and the diversion of trade are crucial effects that are identified in the establishment of a free trade agreement. The creation of businesses will shift consumption from a low-cost producer to a low-cost producer, and trade will therefore grow. On the other hand, trade diversion will shift trade from a lower-cost producer outside the territory to a more expensive producer under the free trade agreement.  Such a change will not benefit consumers under the FTA, as they will be deprived of the opportunity to purchase cheaper imported products. However, economists note that trade diversion does not always harm aggregate national welfare: it can even improve aggregate national welfare if the volume of diverted trade is low.  Members also discussed the free trade agreement between guam participating states, Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova. With its entry into force on 10 December 2003, customs duties on all products between the parties were abolished.
The agreement also includes a rendezvous clause to liberalise trade in services in the future. The RA Committee considered the ASEAN-Japan Free Trade Agreement, which entered into force for the parties between 2008 and 2010. The Parties noted that at the time of entry into force of this Agreement, Bilateral Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) between Japan and seven ASEAN Member States had already entered into force for all Parties. The agreement has served as an important cornerstone for the economic integration and integrity of the region. By April 2026, ASEAN countries will have liberalized 76 to 100 percent of tariff lines for imports from Japan. Japan will have liberalized nearly 88% of its tariff lines on imports from ASEAN. Korea will liberalize more than 76% of its tariff lines on imports from ASEAN, while ASEAN members will liberalize between 85% and 100% of their tariff lines for imports from Korea. Korea noted the increase in the volume of bilateral trade, which will continue thanks to close cooperation between the parties to the agreement. Korea added that the parties are currently negotiating market access for sensitive goods in order to benefit from additional benefits.
Thailand, on behalf of ASEAN, said the agreement builds on existing WTO commitments and provides for progressive trade liberalization through substantial coverage of various sectors. .