Define Geneva Agreement

While the three conventions (later known as the Geneva Conventions) were dated 20 July (to meet The 30-day Deadline of Mends France), they were actually signed on the morning of 21 July. [5]:605[19] All parties to the conference called for new elections, but could not agree on the details. Pham Van Dong proposed elections under the supervision of “local commissions. The United States, with the support of Britain and countries associated with Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, has proposed UN oversight. Molotov opposed it, arguing for a commission with an equal number of communist and non-communist members, which could only determine “important” issues unanimously. [15] Negotiators could not agree on a date for the reunification elections. The DRV argued that the elections were to take place within six months of the ceasefire, and Western allies tried not to have a deadline. Molotov proposed June 1955, then later in 1955 and finally July 1956. [5]:610 The government supported the government of reunification, but only with effective international oversight; it argued that truly free elections were impossible in the totalitarian North.

[16] The Geneva Conventions include four treaties and three additional protocols that set the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment during the war. The singular term of the Geneva Convention generally refers to the 1949 conventions, negotiated after the Second World War (1939-1945), which updated the terms of the two 1929 treaties and added two new conventions. The Geneva Conventions fully defined the fundamental rights of prisoners of war (civilians and military), established the protection of the wounded and sick, and established protection for the civilian population in and around a war zone. The 1949 treaties were ratified by a total of 196 countries or with reservations. [1] In addition, the Geneva Convention also defines the rights and protection afforded to non-combatants. The Geneva Conventions are soldiers at war; they do not deal with the real war – the use of weapons of war – which is the subject of the Hague Convention and the Geneva Protocol on Biochemical War. [b] Dulles failed with British delegate Anthony Eden over the UK`s alleged inability to support joint action and US positions on Indochina; He left Geneva on 3 May and was replaced by his deputy Walter Bedell Smith. [5]:555-8 The State of Vietnam refused to participate in the negotiations until Bidault wrote to Beo II to assure him that an agreement would not divide Vietnam. [5]:550-1 Diplomats from South Korea, North Korea, the People`s Republic of China (PRC), the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States of America (USA) discussed the Korean side of the conference.